Sterilization not only kills disease-causing microorganisms, but also eliminates transmissible agents such as spores and bacteria. It achieves this using sterilants such as radiation, chemicals, heat, etc.
Sterilization methods remove or destroy all forms of microbial life including bacterial spores by either physical or chemical processes.
Sterilization is accomplished principally by steam under pressure, dry heat, or chemical sterilants. The choice of the method for sterilization depends on a number of factors including the type of material of the object to be sterilized, the number and type of microorganisms involved, the classification of the item, and the availability of sterilization methods.
Important Sterilization Notes: